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Wooden Planes

Explanation of Our Condition Grading System

Frequently Asked Vintage Tool Questions

for British, Canadian, & European Wooden Planes

American Wooden Planes

G. W. Dennison, Winthrop, Conn G. W. Dennison, Winthrop, Conn G. W. Dennison, Winthrop, Conn

WP190165 G. W. Dennison, Winthrop, Conn A very nice as found 3/8" going and coming match plane. It will work stock from about 5/16" to 1/2". These are scarce in this small size. It has brass plated fences, which was an extra-cost option. I have personally used this plane and it is sharp and ready to go. Rates a strong G++ SOLD

Hancock Tool, Extra Steel

WP190125 Hancock Tool, Extra Steel A 2 1/4" tapered iron with its orginal cap iron. This is a good cap-iron for an infill plane because it doesn't have a bolster to interfere with the lever cap. This iron has 1 5/16" remaining. As found with light surface oxidation. G+ $29

Providence Tool Co.

WP181214 Providence Tool Co. A 2 1/8" wide tapered iron with its original cap iron. It has decorative semi-circles cut into the upper corners, an attractive touch often seen on Americna irons of the period. The cap iron has matching cuts. There is 1 5/8" left to the hole. The edge has light chips and will need grinding before you use it. Nice honest condition. It is also marked Extra, which implies that it was a top-of-the-line blade. G+ $49

Greenfield Tool Co, Greenfield, Mass Greenfield Tool Co, Greenfield, Mass

WP181218 Greenfield Tool Co, Greenfield, Mass A 1/2" coming and going match ( tongue and groove) plane. These small sizes, which are good for drawer bottoms and sides for example, are less common than the wider planes. This one is as found and while needing a cleaning is mostly quite crisp. There is one repair, where a small piece was knocked out in the rear and has been tacked back on. Nothing to worry about. And there is some light rust on the skate. I would scrape this with a piece of bronze, per our FAQS. G++ $109

Unmarked Unmarked

WP180979 Unmarked This is an Ohio Tool Company screw arm plow plane, but it was made for the trade and not marked. It has one original 3/8" iron in it. The iron is a bit rusty but will clean up fine and work well. The wedge finial is quite battered. The arms and nuts are applewoood and the body is beech. The front top edge is slightly beveled. I don't know why. There are two holes behind the wedge that probably once held on an attachend tote. A lock screw has been added to the right side. This seems to be stripped out, but is totally unnecessary anyway. In short, this is a great user plane for a cheap price. G+ $59


WP180812 Sandusky A nice as found 1 1/2" wide tapered iron with the original cap iron still installed. This iron is probably near original length, and has 2 1/8" left to the hole. There is very light mushrooming to the top edge. The back has some roughness, that I attribute to the original forging and not from rust. This is not a common size and with the cap iron it is a great find if you need it. G++ $59

Buck Brothers

WP180820 Buck Brothers A 2 1/2" tapered iron with its original cap iron. There is 1 1/2" remaining to the hole, which would be about 65% assuming it started at 2 1/4" or so. There is some mushrooming to the top edge. Buck Brothers didn't make that many irons, being more focused on chisels, but they were the premier American edge tool makers in their day. The name lives on, owned by a modern conglomerate, but the company is long gone. G+ $59

Sandusky Tool Co

MI180823 Sandusky Tool Co A 2 1/8" tapered iron with a lovely untouched patina. 1 7/8" remains to the hole. There is moderate mushrooming to the top and a bit of rust on the back. G+ $30

A. Copeland, Columbus, Ohio A. Copeland, Columbus, Ohio A. Copeland, Columbus, Ohio

WP180531 A. Copeland, Columbus, Ohio A screw arm beech plow by a very scarce early Ohio maker. Nothing is known for sure about A. Copeland but it seems almost certain that he is related to the famous Copeland plane making family of Connecticut. It is speculated that he may be the same A. Copeland who was part of the A. & M. Copeland partnership. The plane has separate washers under the nuts, a feature that is not often seen. It also has knurling on the lock nuts reminiscent of Sandusky plows. The arms have a distinctive chamfering with turned tips. The skate has even medium pitting overall and the brass parts were polished at some point in the past. There is a chip in the front of the fence where it must have been run into something. A rare and attractive plow that while not pristine, is very presentable. G+ $159

Kennedy & White, N. York Kennedy & White, N. York

WP161242 Kennedy & White, N. York An as found slide arm plow plane that is very much in the English style. It even has rivetted arms, which is unusual on American planes. It needs a very thorough cleaning. It looks like it was sitting in a box in a garage for many years. Actually, it was. With care, this will make a nice plane and should rate better than Good $65

D. Colton, Phila D. Colton, Phila D. Colton, Phila D. Colton, Phila

WP161223 D. Colton, Phila This is a truly rare plane, a handled screw arm Philadelphia sash fillester. I have never seen another handled example. It has the desirable tool sign logo as well. Lignum boxed. The threads have numerous small chips but no bad spots. The wedge is not correct for this plane. I would get John Porritt to make you a new one. The depth stop adjusting hardware has not been polished and still has traces of original lacquer. From an important old collection of Philadelphia planes. G+ $469

T. Tileston, Boston, Front St.

WP161026 T. Tileston, Boston, Front St. A rare scrolled wedge American mitre plane. 12" long with a 2" wide blade. The blade is bevel up. As found and needing a proper cleaning. There is a sliver missing from the right front edge of the sole, as identified with an arrow. For the advanced collector of American wooden planes. G+ $195

Ohio Tool Co. Ohio Tool Co. Ohio Tool Co.

WP160656 Ohio Tool Co. A scarce screw arm fillester that has nickers to cut on both sides, but the depth stop is only on the right side. To use it as a sash fillester you would need to tack on a depth stop. This is an older Ohio Tool Co. mark when their stuff was still quite good quality. There is a crack in one of the stop nuts and a bit of thread loss, all in one spot. It should be fine to use just as it is, or you can try and glue the nut, These nuts break because of shrinkage, not use, so they are hard to glue unless you fill the crack a bit. Pulling the crack tight recreated the stress that caused the crack. G+ $129

W. Cooley, Blackstone St. Boston W. Cooley, Blackstone St. Boston

WP160322 W. Cooley, Blackstone St. Boston This is a very rare form by a rare maker. A 1/4" curved dado plane. This plane is not standard length, it is more coachmaker size. As found condition, it is quite crisp, but with a dirty, blotchy patina. This plane needs a careful cleaning. Highly recommended for the advanced collector. G+ $269

S. Cumings S. Cumings S. Cumings S. Cumings

WP160333 S. Cumings A very scarce and superb solid boxwood American slide arm plow plane. This plane is as found, but if you carefully clean it with dry automotive rubbing compound, the original French polish finish will shine like new. You can see that the finish is still intact under the dirty. The screws that hold the skate on are crisp and still show original bluing. Holding the brass plate onto the skate are 4 small screws that have been ground flush. I have never seen this. The brass plate is crisp like new. There is some paint rubbed onto the fence, which of course can be cleaned off. This plane has been in my own collection for some time and I have never seen a better example. For the connoisseur. Fine $495

P. Chapin, Maker, Balto P. Chapin, Maker, Balto

WP150728 P. Chapin, Maker, Balto A massive panel raiser with the trademark Baltimore wedge, that is found on some Baltimore bench planes. This plane has a working width of up to 2 3/4" and the blade is 3 1/4" wide. It is a full original Butcher iron. THe plane is a bit dirty, but shows very little wear and should clean up to better than G+ $299

H.L. Kendall, Washington, DC

WP150412 H.L. Kendall, Washington, DC A very scarce American meeting rail plane (for making double hung windows) with a rare Washington DC mark. Superb as found condition. This plane has the same owner's mark as WP150350 by J.T. Brown. For the connoisseur. G++ $395

J.M. Taber, New Bedford J.M. Taber, New Bedford J.M. Taber, New Bedford

WP141267 J.M. Taber, New Bedford An as found slide arm Americian plow plane that uses thumscrews to lock the arms. It has a prowed skate and a nicely patinated brass plate on the skate. I have associated this plane with a matched set of 7 unmarked plow irons that are a good fit and are in very nice original condition. A soft rag and wax will clean this plane nicely. Right now I rate this plane G+ $249

D. Colton, 179 Market St. 489 S. 2nd St. Philada

WP14042 D. Colton, 179 Market St. 489 S. 2nd St. Philada A massive panel raiser with a 4" wide Butcher iron. Dark as found condition, it should clean up nicely. The mark is not super clear, but it is unusual in having both addresses for Colton shown on the same plane. One was probably added later when they moved and the plane was still in stock, but that is pure speculation on my part. I don't think that this plane has seen much use. G+ $245

W. Steele, Wheeling W. Steele, Wheeling W. Steele, Wheeling

WP13117 W. Steele, Wheeling A rare American screw arm sash fillester by a Virginia maker, and yes, Wheeling was in Virginia when this plane was made. Steele planes are scarce and American sash fillesters are scarce. A sash fillester by Steele is unique in my experience. It has a boxwood faced fence, but I don't see how the boxwood is held on. It is not done like one would expect with a sliding dovetail. The depth stop is friction fit and is still tight. The plane doesn't look to have seen much user. I would have rated it higher but for small nicks on the arms and one nut. One arm is split at the base, as is common, but it is tight. For the advanced wooden plane collector. G+ $245

for top of American Wooden Planes

British, Canadian, European & Other Wooden Planes

Tyzach, Railway Arch, 345 Old Street Tyzach, Railway Arch, 345 Old Street

WP190156 Tyzach, Railway Arch, 345 Old Street A miniature compassed boxwood rebate plane measuring 3 1/2" long and 1/2" wide. It is in crisp wonderful condition with a lovely boxwood color. The minus is because it has a tiny chip on the sole that is of no consequence. Signed miniature planes like this are few and far between. A gem. Fine- SOLD

Robert Sorby

WP190147 Robert Sorby A nice clean tapered iron that measures a bit under 2 1/4", really 2 7/32". It mics to 175 thousandths of an inch and has 1 3/8" remaining. Minor mushrooming to the top edge. G++ $19

Hearnshaw Brothers

WP190131 Hearnshaw Brothers A 2 1/4" wide iron that is tapered, but only not as much as most. It has a light taper and is still quite thick at the top. It mics to 200 thousandths at the cutting edge and 142 thousandths of an inch at the top. It has 2 1/2" left, which is about full length. The top has some light pitting, but the bottom is bright and while as found, will clean easily. G+ $

Robert Sorby

WP1812109 Robert Sorby A 2 1/4" tapered iron that has about the full original length. 2 3/8" remains to the hole. G++ $29

Marples Handled Smoothing Plane Marples Handled Smoothing Plane Marples Handled Smoothing Plane

WP181178 Marples Handled Smoothing Plane This is an unused plane in the original box. The label tells us that it is No. 2690. A mouse has chewed to holes in the box lid and stained the box bottom. There are a few spots of surface rust on the top of the blade, otherwise the plane is perfect. There is some dried glue residue from an old sticker on the right side. Fine- $95

Wm Marples & Sons, Hibernia, Sheffield Wm Marples & Sons, Hibernia, Sheffield Wm Marples & Sons, Hibernia, Sheffield

WP181146 Wm Marples & Sons, Hibernia, Sheffield A very crisp as found sash fillester. This plane is rather late, probably 1930s but maybe even 1950s. That is why i tis so cheap for such a little used example. It will be fine to use, but it just ins't has finely made as an early example. The only defect that I could find is a chip in the lower edge of one of the boxwood arm wedges, and I'm not sure but that isn't just the natural edge of the wood. Fine $95

E. F. Bookham, Tool merchant, Dover E. F. Bookham, Tool merchant, Dover

WP181082 E. F. Bookham, Tool merchant, Dover A box chamfer plane, probably made by Preston. The blade is a new old stock iron by Herring Brothers that fits well but is not original to this plane. The brass trim piece on the side has been polished up by a British dealer, but otherwise the plane is quote nice and is bargain priced. G+ $75

Buck Buck

WP180976 Buck A 3 3/4" long coffin smoothing plane with a 1 3/16" wide blade. It is as found and could use a light cleaning. Always look closely with tools that are just marked with the word Buck. This mark is dead right, but the simple nature of the mark has lead fakers to use it. I even saw a faked mitre plane recently with the simple Buck mark. The plane was obvious as a fake to the trained eye, but the fakers hope that the mark will lend it legitacy. Sometimes you will also see tools that are honest tools, but were never marked. Adding the mark makes them more salable. I recenly saw a plane marked Badger that was probaby an original plane, but the mark certainly wasn't. G+ $65

T. Turner, Sheffield T. Turner, Sheffield T. Turner, Sheffield

WP180729 T. Turner, Sheffield A particularly nice screw arm sash fillester. The brass trim was lightly hand polished at some time in the past. The rest of the plane has an untouched look about it. There is a second depth stop on the right side, that looks factory installed, but is hard to understand. Full retracted it is even with the sole and goes down from there. Presumably to engage the sticking board. Most people don't realize how scarce screw arm British planes actually are. At least 99% of British plows and fillesters are slide arm. This is a really nice plane. G++ $159

Wm. Marples & Sons, Sheffield Wm. Marples & Sons, Sheffield

WP180178 Wm. Marples & Sons, Sheffield A fully boxed sash fillester where the entire sole is keyed dovetailed to the beech body. Nice as found condition except that the arm tips are polished and the thumbscrew. Not the entire fixture the thumbscrew itself. The brass depth stop is untouched with a lovely patina. Luckily this fellow was lazy. The polished parts repatinate with time and this is a great plane. G++ $129

Unmarked Unmarked

WP170131 Unmarked A panel raising plane that cuts a 1 3/4" wide raising and is not adjustable. It is made from a dense tropical wood and I suspect from the shape of the wedge that it is South American. It is 11 1/2" long and will make a great user. G+ $139

Currie, Glasgow

WP16125 Currie, Glasgow A Scottich badger plane. Differing slightly from your common badger plane, this one has a step on the rabbetted side and a closed tote. It is 16 1/2" long. The tote is a bit loose in the socket and needs to be reglued. Somewhat dirty but essentially nice condition, just needing a clean. G+ $79

Kimberley & Sons

WP160627 Kimberley & Sons A crisp as found sash fillester with a nice dark patina. Sash fillesters in this nice condition don't show up often. With a light cleaning it will rate at least G++ $129

D. Malloch, Perth D. Malloch, Perth D. Malloch, Perth

WP16048 D. Malloch, Perth A handled sash fillester with fancy dovetailed boxing. I love this kind of boxing, which was done by the very most skilled craftsman in the shop. It is fit to perfection. This plane has an original French polished surface. One of the boxwood arm wedges is missing its finial. There are also some dings on the main wedge finial. Otherwise I would have gone up to Fine on this superb plane. Highly recommended. G++ $295

Illegible Illegbile Illegbile

WP150645 Illegible This is an interesting 18th Century plane. It looks like a typical English panel raiser of the period, but it never had a built in fence. There are some tack holes in the sole were fences have been applied, but clearly it was made without a fence. The blade is nicely marked, John Green. The makers marks is really blurred but it might be Benton, Leeds. The surface and color on this plane are marvelous and I really like it. G++ $195

Unmarked Unmarked

WP14018 Unmarked A 7/16" size fishing rod plane G+ $75

Craftsman Made

WP130863 Craftsman Made A nicely proportioned squirrel tail miniature compassed rabbet plane. The sole is 13/16" wide and 2 3/4" long. Nice color and surface. This plane has been spuriously marked A. Mathieson & Son, Glasgow, by an unscrupulous dealer, however no knowledgeable person would mistake this plane for being a Mathieson product. I have seen so many of these Mathieson fakes in the last 15 or so years that I wonder how many unsophisticated collectors have been fooled by them. This is why one should deal with a reputable dealer. G+ SOLD

W. Sanderson, Stockport W. Sanderson, Stockport

WP130687 W. Sanderson, Stockport An as found bronze plane, with a boxwood wedge, that I believe was made fo the hat making trade. but I am not sure. The blade is about 3/8" wide but it only cuts on half of the blade. Lovely color and really a great piece. It is also marked 258, which could be a serial number or perhaps a model number. G+ $195

Antique Wooden Plane Antique Wooden Plane Antique Wooden Plane

WP110215 Unmarked A lovely fruitwood smoothing plane that I would guess is either south German, Swiss, or Austrian. Very nicely decorated, and with a very pleasing patina. I am not sure of the age, but it could be 18th Century. The iron is marked "FRHA" with a mark that certainly looks like it could be 18th Century. There is some old worming, primarily towards the front. Measures 11 3/8" long. I have had this plane for 20 years, and before that it was in the great Harold Prucha collection. Highly recommended. Good $399

Early Carved Plane Early Carved Plane

100420 Early Carved Plane An beautiful carved European smoothing plane, presumably 18th or possibly early 19th Century. These types of craftsperson made planes are notoriously hard to date, and while I don't think that it would be later, I could believe that it was earlier. This plane has a North Wind figure blowing up at the user as he planes. The plane has a horn in the front, that is carved with a scroll. The plane is hornbeam, the horn is beech, and there is an applied sole that was probably added to compensate for wear, and is maple. This plane has a wonderful patina, and has always been well cared for, but well used. The blade is all but worn out. The wedge is clearly period, but I have no way to tell for sure if is original or not. I would guess that this plane is either German, Swiss, or Austrian, but again this is just an educated guess. Formerly in the Dermot and Cynthia Roche collection, as sold by David Stanley some years ago, this is a museum quality tool. Measures 10 inches overall. G+ $895

Antique Wooden Plane Antique Wooden Plane

WP91118 Benton, Leeds An 18th Century panel raiser by a scarce Leeds maker. This is the style with the extra bevel to allow the panel to enter the groove at a more shallow angle. It has an original uncut round top iron by P. Law with the crown. The iron is down around the top of the wedge. The width is 1 1/8 to where the secondary bevel begins. So the panels it would be best for would be 1 3/8" to about 1 5/8". Nicely waxed and from a very good British collection. G+ $345

Antique Wooden Plane Antique Wooden Plane

WP80428 Unmarked This is a rare matched pair of Scottish door check planes. They have been in my collection for more than 15 years. They are uncleaned and could use a careful waxing. The right side plane is in perfect condition, little used with a full iron. The left side plane is more worn, and the iron is down below the top of the wedge, and the side is split from shrinkage on the blade. It is still perfectly useable and in fact I did use it once years ago. I don't recall ever seeing another pair of these rare planes. They are 4 3/8" long. G+ $265

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