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Wooden Planes

Explanation of Our Condition Grading System

Frequently Asked Vintage Tool Questions

for British, Canadian, & European Wooden Planes

American Wooden Planes

J. Kellogg, Amherst, MS J. Kellogg, Amherst, MS

WP180627 J. Kellogg, Amherst, MS A crisp and little used 1/2" square rabbet with a nicker. This plane is unusual on two scores, most rabbet planes are skewed, and most do not have nickers. The mark is faint. That is because, if you stamp the mark good and hard on the front of a delicate plane like this, you will break the plane. G++ SOLD

A. Copeland, Columbus, Ohio A. Copeland, Columbus, Ohio A. Copeland, Columbus, Ohio

WP180531 A. Copeland, Columbus, Ohio A screw arm beech plow by a very scarce early Ohio maker. Nothing is known for sure about A. Copeland but it seems almost certain that he is related to the famous Copeland plane making family of Connecticut. It is speculated that he may be the same A. Copeland who was part of the A. & M. Copeland partnership. The plane has separate washers under the nuts, a feature that is not often seen. It also has knurling on the lock nuts reminiscent of Sandusky plows. The arms have a distinctive chamfering with turned tips. The skate has even medium pitting overall and the brass parts were polished at some point in the past. There is a chip in the front of the fence where it must have been run into something. A rare and attractive plow that while not pristine, is very presentable. G+ $159

W. Vance W. Vance

WP180536 W. Vance A nice as found 1 1/2" rabbet. The side of this plane has the original store price code, and the price, $1.25, written out in ink. That is something that you hardly ever see. There are normal marks and nicks on this plane, but overally it is really in nice shape, especially for a rabbet plane, as these were used hard. G+ $49

Auburn Tool Co, Thistle Brand

MI180546 Auburn Tool Co, Thistle Brand A 2 1/8" wide tapered iron from a wooden bench plane. There is some very light surface rust on the polished top but it will clean up easily and nicely. G+ $29

D. Colton, Corner of Callowhill & Fourth, Phila D. Colton, Corner of Callowhill & Fourth, Phila D. Colton, Corner of Callowhill & Fourth, Phila D. Colton, Corner of Callowhill & Fourth, Phila

WP180449 D. Colton, Corner of Callowhill & Fourth, Phila This plane is of a form that I have not seen before. I guess that it is what would be called a strike block plane, but it is handled with a razee body. Colton is one of my favorite makers so I would remember seeing another plane like this. The sole is 9 3/4" long and the iron is 2 1/4" wide. The iron is by Auburn, which makes me think that it is a replacment, as Colton would have probably used a butcher iron in this plane. The tote is the chunkky style of many Philadelphia makers. A screw has been insalled on the top to act as a strike button and that has a lot of marks around it. The top of the wedge aslo shows wear from extensive use. This plane was clearly used a lot, but not abused. It feels very smooth and has probably been wipe down with 4 0 steel wool as well as waxed. A rare plane for the serious collector. G+ $165

Scioto Tool Works Scioto Tool Works

WP180320 Scioto Tool Works A 7" long coffin smoothing plane with a 1 7/8" wide single iron. The iron is by Newbould and is marked "1 7/8" which is unusual to have the size on it like that. The plane shows some use but not that much and the iron looks to be full original height. As found it will look better if you wax it. G+ $65

H. Chapin, Union Factory

WP180227 H. Chapin, Union Factory An attractive srew arm moving fillester with dovetailed corner boxing.There is an old chip in the front of the fence where it hit a bench dog. This is common. Otherwise I would have been thinking about another plus. This is a nice lane from a good collection. G+ $175

Kennedy & White, N. York Kennedy & White, N. York

WP161242 Kennedy & White, N. York An as found slide arm plow plane that is very much in the English style. It even has rivetted arms, which is unusual on American planes. It needs a very thorough cleaning. It looks like it was sitting in a box in a garage for many years. Actually, it was. With care, this will make a nice plane and should rate better than Good $65

D. Colton, Phila D. Colton, Phila D. Colton, Phila D. Colton, Phila

WP161223 D. Colton, Phila This is a truly rare plane, a handled screw arm Philadelphia sash fillester. I have never seen another handled example. It has the desirable tool sign logo as well. Lignum boxed. The threads have numerous small chips but no bad spots. The wedge is not correct for this plane. I would get John Porritt to make you a new one. The depth stop adjusting hardware has not been polished and still has traces of original lacquer. From an important old collection of Philadelphia planes. G+ $469

T. Tileston, Boston, Front St.

WP161026 T. Tileston, Boston, Front St. A rare scrolled wedge American mitre plane. 12" long with a 2" wide blade. The blade is bevel up. As found and needing a proper cleaning. There is a sliver missing from the right front edge of the sole, as identified with an arrow. For the advanced collector of American wooden planes. G+ $195

Ohio Tool Co. Ohio Tool Co. Ohio Tool Co.

WP160656 Ohio Tool Co. A scarce screw arm fillester that has nickers to cut on both sides, but the depth stop is only on the right side. To use it as a sash fillester you would need to tack on a depth stop. This is an older Ohio Tool Co. mark when their stuff was still quite good quality. There is a crack in one of the stop nuts and a bit of thread loss, all in one spot. It should be fine to use just as it is, or you can try and glue the nut, These nuts break because of shrinkage, not use, so they are hard to glue unless you fill the crack a bit. Pulling the crack tight recreated the stress that caused the crack. G+ $129

W. Cooley, Blackstone St. Boston W. Cooley, Blackstone St. Boston

WP160322 W. Cooley, Blackstone St. Boston This is a very rare form by a rare maker. A 1/4" curved dado plane. This plane is not standard length, it is more coachmaker size. As found condition, it is quite crisp, but with a dirty, blotchy patina. This plane needs a careful cleaning. Highly recommended for the advanced collector. G+ $269

S. Cumings S. Cumings S. Cumings S. Cumings

WP160333 S. Cumings A very scarce and superb solid boxwood American slide arm plow plane. This plane is as found, but if you carefully clean it with dry automotive rubbing compound, the original French polish finish will shine like new. You can see that the finish is still intact under the dirty. The screws that hold the skate on are crisp and still show original bluing. Holding the brass plate onto the skate are 4 small screws that have been ground flush. I have never seen this. The brass plate is crisp like new. There is some paint rubbed onto the fence, which of course can be cleaned off. This plane has been in my own collection for some time and I have never seen a better example. For the connoisseur. Fine $495

P. Chapin, Maker, Balto P. Chapin, Maker, Balto

WP150728 P. Chapin, Maker, Balto A massive panel raiser with the trademark Baltimore wedge, that is found on some Baltimore bench planes. This plane has a working width of up to 2 3/4" and the blade is 3 1/4" wide. It is a full original Butcher iron. THe plane is a bit dirty, but shows very little wear and should clean up to better than G+ $299

H.L. Kendall, Washington, DC

WP150412 H.L. Kendall, Washington, DC A very scarce American meeting rail plane (for making double hung windows) with a rare Washington DC mark. Superb as found condition. This plane has the same owner's mark as WP150350 by J.T. Brown. For the connoisseur. G++ $395

J.M. Taber, New Bedford J.M. Taber, New Bedford J.M. Taber, New Bedford

WP141267 J.M. Taber, New Bedford An as found slide arm Americian plow plane that uses thumscrews to lock the arms. It has a prowed skate and a nicely patinated brass plate on the skate. I have associated this plane with a matched set of 7 unmarked plow irons that are a good fit and are in very nice original condition. A soft rag and wax will clean this plane nicely. Right now I rate this plane G+ $249

D. Colton, 179 Market St. 489 S. 2nd St. Philada

WP14042 D. Colton, 179 Market St. 489 S. 2nd St. Philada A massive panel raiser with a 4" wide Butcher iron. Dark as found condition, it should clean up nicely. The mark is not super clear, but it is unusual in having both addresses for Colton shown on the same plane. One was probably added later when they moved and the plane was still in stock, but that is pure speculation on my part. I don't think that this plane has seen much use. G+ $245

W. Steele, Wheeling W. Steele, Wheeling W. Steele, Wheeling

WP13117 W. Steele, Wheeling A rare American screw arm sash fillester by a Virginia maker, and yes, Wheeling was in Virginia when this plane was made. Steele planes are scarce and American sash fillesters are scarce. A sash fillester by Steele is unique in my experience. It has a boxwood faced fence, but I don't see how the boxwood is held on. It is not done like one would expect with a sliding dovetail. The depth stop is friction fit and is still tight. The plane doesn't look to have seen much user. I would have rated it higher but for small nicks on the arms and one nut. One arm is split at the base, as is common, but it is tight. For the advanced wooden plane collector. G+ $245

P. Chapin, Maker, Balto P. Chapin, Maker, Balto

WP130363 P. Chapin, Maker, Balto A rare 1 1/2" wide rosewood rabbet plane. Signed American or British planes, other than plow planes , are rarely found made from exotic woods. Baltimore makers did do this more than others, but they are still rare by any measure. This plane is very smooth to the touch and was probably "cleaned" with extra-fine steel wool. There is a bit of tear out in the wood on the left side, but I believe that this is original to its manufacture. A rare and highly desirable tool. G+ $179

for top of American Wooden Planes

British, Canadian, European & Other Wooden Planes

C. Nurse & Co. 182 & 184 Walworth Rd., London SE C. Nurse & Co. 182 & 184 Walworth Rd., London SE C. Nurse & Co. 182 & 184 Walworth Rd., London SE

WP180621 C. Nurse & Co. 182 & 184 Walworth Rd., London SE A very scarce wooden shute board plane. The bulbous wedge is intended to double as a handle. The blade is a thick parallel iron, 2 3/4" wide, and also marked by C. Nurse & Co. The iron is a cut iron, but I believe that it is original to this plane. I have never seen an uncut parallel iron, so I don't think that they had a choice when they were making the plane. The plane shows very little wear overall. There is one small chip from the front right corner of the sole or I would have rated one grade higher. A superb plane for a serious collector or discerning user. G++ SOLD


WP18053 Newbould A 1 3/4" wide Newbould iron with the matching cap iron. The cap iron is marked "Samuel Newbould" with the crown. There is about 2 1/16" left to the hole. It looks to be like about half of the original factory bevel is left, and only the lower half is later sharpening. In other words, it is barely used. Newbould irons are not all 18th Century, but this iron looks early to me. There is some pitting on the lower edge of the cap iron that would need to be polished out if you intend to use it. Wonderful as found condition and expecially amazing to find it with the matching original cap iron. Fine- $75

Moseley & Son, London Moseley & Son, London Moseley & Son, London

WP180468 Moseley & Son, London A typical British slide arm plow that has been cleaned a bit in a half-assed way by an English dealer. I have assembled 6 miscellaneous irons that all fit reasonably well. One boxwood arm wedge is missing the small finial, but that is typical. This will make a great user for a modest price. G+ $119

Moseley & Son, London

WP180322 Moseley & Son, London A typican English toothing plane. It is also marked by the retailer "Michell, Newington Causway, London". It appears to have been cleaned with 4 zero steel wool by an old timer who didn't know any better. An attractive plane and a great user. G_ $65

Wm. Marples & Sons, Sheffield Wm. Marples & Sons, Sheffield

WP180178 Wm. Marples & Sons, Sheffield A fully boxed sash fillester where the entire sole is keyed dovetailed to the beech body. Nice as found condition except that the arm tips are polished and the thumbscrew. Not the entire fixture the thumbscrew itself. The brass depth stop is untouched with a lovely patina. Luckily this fellow was lazy. The polished parts repatinate with time and this is a great plane. G++ $129

Unmarked Unmarked

WP170131 Unmarked A panel raising plane that cuts a 1 3/4" wide raising and is not adjustable. It is made from a dense tropical wood and I suspect from the shape of the wedge that it is South American. It is 11 1/2" long and will make a great user. G+ $139

Currie, Glasgow

WP16125 Currie, Glasgow A Scottich badger plane. Differing slightly from your common badger plane, this one has a step on the rabbetted side and a closed tote. It is 16 1/2" long. The tote is a bit loose in the socket and needs to be reglued. Somewhat dirty but essentially nice condition, just needing a clean. G+ $79

Kimberley & Sons

WP160627 Kimberley & Sons A crisp as found sash fillester with a nice dark patina. Sash fillesters in this nice condition don't show up often. With a light cleaning it will rate at least G++ $129

D. Malloch, Perth D. Malloch, Perth D. Malloch, Perth

WP16048 D. Malloch, Perth A handled sash fillester with fancy dovetailed boxing. I love this kind of boxing, which was done by the very most skilled craftsman in the shop. It is fit to perfection. This plane has an original French polished surface. One of the boxwood arm wedges is missing its finial. There are also some dings on the main wedge finial. Otherwise I would have gone up to Fine on this superb plane. Highly recommended. G++ $295

Illegible Illegbile Illegbile

WP150645 Illegible This is an interesting 18th Century plane. It looks like a typical English panel raiser of the period, but it never had a built in fence. There are some tack holes in the sole were fences have been applied, but clearly it was made without a fence. The blade is nicely marked, John Green. The makers marks is really blurred but it might be Benton, Leeds. The surface and color on this plane are marvelous and I really like it. G++ $195

Unmarked Unmarked

WP14018 Unmarked A 7/16" size fishing rod plane G+ $75

Craftsman Made

WP130863 Craftsman Made A nicely proportioned squirrel tail miniature compassed rabbet plane. The sole is 13/16" wide and 2 3/4" long. Nice color and surface. This plane has been spuriously marked A. Mathieson & Son, Glasgow, by an unscrupulous dealer, however no knowledgeable person would mistake this plane for being a Mathieson product. I have seen so many of these Mathieson fakes in the last 15 or so years that I wonder how many unsophisticated collectors have been fooled by them. This is why one should deal with a reputable dealer. G+ $55

W. Sanderson, Stockport W. Sanderson, Stockport

WP130687 W. Sanderson, Stockport An as found bronze plane, with a boxwood wedge, that I believe was made fo the hat making trade. but I am not sure. The blade is about 3/8" wide but it only cuts on half of the blade. Lovely color and really a great piece. It is also marked 258, which could be a serial number or perhaps a model number. G+ $195

E. Preston & Sons

WP130365 E. Preston & Sons This is the much scarcer Preston style of chamfer plane which uitilizes the cap iron, which is 3/8" thick, not act as a throat and a depth stop. These planes are cabable of better work than the common style, but the trade-off is that they are much more finicky to set up. Just under 5 1/2" long. Lovley untouched condition. G++ $145

Antique Wooden Plane Antique Wooden Plane Antique Wooden Plane

WP110215 Unmarked A lovely fruitwood smoothing plane that I would guess is either south German, Swiss, or Austrian. Very nicely decorated, and with a very pleasing patina. I am not sure of the age, but it could be 18th Century. The iron is marked "FRHA" with a mark that certainly looks like it could be 18th Century. There is some old worming, primarily towards the front. Measures 11 3/8" long. I have had this plane for 20 years, and before that it was in the great Harold Prucha collection. Highly recommended. Good $399

Early Carved Plane Early Carved Plane

100420 Early Carved Plane An beautiful carved European smoothing plane, presumably 18th or possibly early 19th Century. These types of craftsperson made planes are notoriously hard to date, and while I don't think that it would be later, I could believe that it was earlier. This plane has a North Wind figure blowing up at the user as he planes. The plane has a horn in the front, that is carved with a scroll. The plane is hornbeam, the horn is beech, and there is an applied sole that was probably added to compensate for wear, and is maple. This plane has a wonderful patina, and has always been well cared for, but well used. The blade is all but worn out. The wedge is clearly period, but I have no way to tell for sure if is original or not. I would guess that this plane is either German, Swiss, or Austrian, but again this is just an educated guess. Formerly in the Dermot and Cynthia Roche collection, as sold by David Stanley some years ago, this is a museum quality tool. Measures 10 inches overall. G+ $895

Antique Wooden Plane Antique Wooden Plane

WP100559 Craftsman Made This is something very special. It is a solid boxwood smoother that has been carefully fashioned to duplicate the lines of a classic mid-19th Century London Pattern infill smoothing plane. Clearly the original owner was envious of his friends with their infill planes, and he thought that he would one up them with this. The workmanship is remarkable, the boxwood gorgeous, and the creativity of it charming. I really like this one. It's special. G+ $295

Antique Wooden Plane Antique Wooden Plane

WP91118 Benton, Leeds An 18th Century panel raiser by a scarce Leeds maker. This is the style with the extra bevel to allow the panel to enter the groove at a more shallow angle. It has an original uncut round top iron by P. Law with the crown. The iron is down around the top of the wedge. The width is 1 1/8 to where the secondary bevel begins. So the panels it would be best for would be 1 3/8" to about 1 5/8". Nicely waxed and from a very good British collection. G+ $345

Antique Wooden Plane Antique Wooden Plane

WP80428 Unmarked This is a rare matched pair of Scottish door check planes. They have been in my collection for more than 15 years. They are uncleaned and could use a careful waxing. The right side plane is in perfect condition, little used with a full iron. The left side plane is more worn, and the iron is down below the top of the wedge, and the side is split from shrinkage on the blade. It is still perfectly useable and in fact I did use it once years ago. I don't recall ever seeing another pair of these rare planes. They are 4 3/8" long. G+ $265

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