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Infill & Other British Metal Planes

British Metal Planes, commonly referred to as infill planes, represent the pinnacle of refinement in cabinetmaking planes. These planes came into vogue during a time when industrialization allowed products of remarkable precision to be made for a wide market, but at the same time fine hand work was still being done. Infill planes proliferated in the second half of the nineteenth century. While production lingered on until the early 1950s in a few isolated cases, The Great War really sounded the death knell for this type of tool. Today, these tools are avidly sought by both users and collectors. Their elegant lines and unequaled performance stimulating interest in both groups. When perusing the planes in this section, it must be remembered that the very nature of these planes meant that production would be relatively small. Today, the supply of good examples is very limited. We do sell quite a few Norris and Spiers planes, but it must be borne in mind that these planes are far too scarce to maintain a constant stock of good planes at a reasonable price. Planes by lesser known makers, while often of similar quality, are typically much easier to acquire, simply due to their lessor fame.

In our New Tools Section you will find a complete selection of parallel irons for infill planes custom made for us by Ron Hock.

A Discussion of Infill Planes

Explanation of Our Condition Grading System

Frequently Asked Vintage Tool Questions

Spiers, Ayr Spiers, Ayr

BM160823 Spiers, Ayr A 20 1/2" Spiers jointer. The sole of this plane is very clean and the mouth is crisp and tight. The sides of the plane have been cleaned with an abrasive and show some very light pitting remaining, but the plane was probably sitting on its sole and thus the sole was protected and remained very clean when the sides were allowed to oxidize. The blade is a correct replacment by Ward & Payne. The lever cap has a rich dark brown patina. The rosewood infill has nice color and grain. Because of the great condition of the sole, this plane will make a great user, and at a very modest price compared to one that had not had the sides cleaned. G+ $995

Craftsman Made Craftsman Made

BM160615 Craftsman Made This is a gunmetal chariot plane with steel sole. It has a full Norris iron for a chariot or thumb plane. This iron alone is worth what we are asking for the plane. The iron is 1 1/2" wide and 6" long. The plane has ebony infill. The gunmetal was polished at some point in the past but is starting to tone down. The sole is 4 3/4" long. It fits the hand nicely and would be comfortable to use. G+ Sold

Mathieson, Glasgow Mathieson, Glasgow Mathieson, Glasgow

BM160557 Mathieson, Glasgow A 14 1/2" panel plane that is nice condition. The sides look to have been lighty and properly cleaned. The sole appears to be untouched and is clean and crisp. The woodwork is untouched with nicely colored rosewood, including a striking black line through the front bun. Most of the original finish remains on the wood. The lever cap has nice color with some lacquer remaining. The Mathieson marked blade and cap iron are probably original and give the plane a very tight mouth. The parts were never numbered on this plane. This plane is marked on the lever cap and on the wood in front. Mathieson contracted out a lot of their metal planes to Norris, and this plane looks like a Norris except for the lever cap, so I am not sure about this one. There is one spot of rust on the top of the front toe that looks recent and needs cleaning. This is a first quality dovetaild steel panel plane. G++ Sold

Karl Holtey Karl Holtey Karl Holtey

BM16054 Karl Holtey A Karl Holtey #98 Smoothing Plane which we sold new in August of 2014. It still looks new to me but the consignor tells me that he did use it, albeit very little. You won't be able to tell that it is not new. The special order boxwood handles are stunning. Karl Holtey is now in the processing of winding down and retiring from planemaking. This is a rare opportunity to buy an as new Holtey plane at a discount. The 98 plane is still shown in our new tool section, where you can read more about it. This is a true connoisseur's tool. Mint $5995

Spiers, Ayr Spiers, Ayr Spiers, Ayr Spiers, Ayr

BM160470 Spiers, Ayr A scarce improved pattern mitre plane. I owned this plane years ago and it was as found, covered with light oxidation. I gave it to Geoff Entwistle, who cleaned it to look like one of the planes that he had made. Now it has come back to us, and has taken on some patina in the meantine, and looks really good. The woodwork has its original lacquer and is great. G++ Sold

Craftsman Made

BM160492 Craftsman Made A small gummetal shoulder plane with steel sole. The sole is 3/4" wide and 5 5/8" long. This should make a handy little user at a very modest price. G+ Sold

Unmarked (Spiers, Ayr) Unmarked (Spiers, Ayr) Unmarked (Spiers, Ayr) Unmarked (Spiers, Ayr) Unmarked (Spiers, Ayr) Unmarked (Spiers, Ayr)

BM16045 Unmarked (Spiers, Ayr) A scarce early Spiers 20 1/2" jointer. The hold down screw is the earliest style, which is quite thin with a very fancy shape, and with a smaller diameter screw than later planes. There early models used tapered W&P irons, and this one has a proper iron, but it is not numbered to this plane. The cap iron is the correct numbered cap iron. The lever cap has a gorgeous rich brown patina. The rosewood is lovely with great original finish. The metal surfaces have a pleasing surface. I acquired this plane as a fresh find, which is hard to believe that any are stil floating around unclaimed. It has light oxidation overall and the tip of the tote has been broken off and crudely glued back on. The key here though is that the broken piece was still there, and not lost. I sent the plane to the preeminent tool restorer, John Porritt, who took redid the repair to the tote so that now it can't be seen. While he had the plane, he also cleaned it, doing a superb job that preserved the suface with a lovely patina. This planes were often not marked, because they were later marked by dealers. I have a similar early smoother that is marked by Moseley of London, the wooden planemakers, who also retailed other tools through their London shop. This is a rare survivor for the serious collector or discerning user. G+ $1395

Norris, London Norris, London Norris, London

BM1603117 Norris, London A superb Norris #13 handled smoothing plane, marked both by Norris and by the retailer G. Musgrave of Lincoln. Musgrave seemed to have sold a lot of 13s, but they are not normally marked by Norris. This is one of the few that I have had that is double marked. The iron is correctly numbered to the plane and is by Mathieson. There is at least one dealer in Britain who is faking the numbering of these irons, but this one is absolutely right. The rosewood has beautiful color and grain. There is a small ding in the back edge of the spur, but the spur is great, long and thin like they should be. The wood retains its original finish. The front bun has its full original height. I don't know if it was intentional, or from dropping them, but most 13s seem to have some wood removed from the tops of the buns. The lever cap retains is lacquer and is still bright. The sides and sole of the plane have been carefully cleaned and there is some pitting in the far right rear of the sole. It would be hard to improve upon this example. G++ Sold

R. Fairclough, 72 Byrom St. R. Fairclough, 72 Byrom St.

BM160368 R. Fairclough, 72 Byrom St. A cast iron bullnose plane with a nice medium patina. I would guess that Holland was the actual maker on this plane. The Ward iron, which I believe to be original, has about 40% remaining. The mouth may have been opened a little bit, not uncommon with these planes. A good user. G+ $95

Unmarked Unmarked Unmarked Unmarked Unmarked

BM1602108 Unmarked A handle smoothing plane with mahogany infill and an iron body. The front bun is shaped in a very attractive way, which is one of the features that makes me think that it is a London made plane, made by a professional planemaker. This, as well as a few other features, point to it being a professional plane. This type of plane with the lugs holding the wedge were usually either not marked, or maked on the chip breaker. a former owner, one A. Spicer, went a bit silly with his owner's mark on the wedge. The tote has a lovely long spur that has no damaged. When I got it, an English dealer had stuck a blade in it that made no sense. The Marples cap iron looks correct and probably original. The only blade that I had that is a good fit is unfortunately not by Marples, but rather by Excelsior Works, Auburn, New York. It is a full length iron of high quality. The mouth is quite tight. When you get the plane set up and play around with it a bit, you might find that the mouth is slightly too tight with this iron. If so, it will only be by a few thousandths. I really like this plane and I hope tthat somebody who really appreciates how special it is will buy it. G+ Sold

Norris, London

BM160263 Norris, London A 2 1/8" wide iron from a post-war "Norris" plane. It has 3/4" remaining and will make a great original iron if you have one of these planes lacking the correct Norris maked iron. This iron is not for use in a pre-war, i.e. real Norris plane. G+ $49.00

A Mathieson, Glasgow A Mathieson, Glasgow

BM160278 A Mathieson, Glasgow A rare and desirable Norris made 1" skew rebate. Norris made very few skewed rebates. During this period, Norris was the supplier of infill planes to Mathieson. This is the first Mathieson marked skewed rebate that I have seen. Retains about 90%+ of the original Mathieson marked iron. The parts are not numbered, which is consistent with other Norris marked examples that I have seen. It makes sense since these planes are so rare that they were not maded in batches and there was no need to number parts. The woodwork on this plane rates about G+, and would rate higher but it looks like the top of the plane was rubbed a bit with steel wool. The right side of the plane shows evidence of having been "cleaned" by an idiot with a wire wheel. The mouth is super tight, as you would expect on a Norris made plane. There is a patch of fresh looking rust towards the rear on the sole, and some evidence of light pitting in this same area. The right person could raise the condition of this plane by erasing the evidence of its passing through the hands of a fool, but as it sits I rate it G+ $695

Unmarked Unmarked

BM160237 Unmarked A gunmetal bullnose plane with particularly pronounced features. As found and a bit scruffy, but it still has a good tight mouth and will make a great user. It can also be improved a bit with judicious cleaning. It has about 40% of the James Howarth iron remaining. 1" wide. Priced to go quickly. Good $89


BM1601101 Record A scarce Record 311 plane, as is still made, and sold by us, from Clifton. This plane is very similar in quality to a Preston example, Record having taking over Preston's production in the 1930s. I am not sure how to date this but it looks pre-war to me in quality. The nicke is wearing in places but it still about 80%. The original blade is about 50%. The parts are all hand fitted and numbered, as they were wtih Preston. I am not sure when this practice stopped. This is a really nice example that I would be proud to own. G++ Sold

Badger, London Badger, London Badger, London Badger, London

BM160160 Badger, London A rare and estraordinary ebony stuffed panel plane by Badger of London. The fine detailing on this plane makes me wonder if was a special order, or made for an exhibition. Ebony infill is very unusual for a panel plane, as it was expensive, very hard to work, and hard to find pieces of an adequate size. This rear fill on this plane, just behind the blade, has been spliced, and the joints are now visible thanks to shrinkage. There is also a break in the bottom of the tote, also from shrinkage, because a steel rod runs through the handle. This is a common cause of shrinkage problems on these planes, but I have never seen it done on a panel plane, just smoothing planes. Ignoring the problems caused by shrinkage, the condition is really quite good. The wedge has a decorative ogeen across the middle and a fancy cupid's bow at the bottom. There is minor hammer marking to the wedge and a chip on once side. The plane is otherwise crisp, retaining most of its original finish. The iron body is in great condition and the mout his very tight when the presumably original blade is properly set. The plane is only signed on the cap iron, which is standard for Badger bench planes. Highly recommended. G++ $1495

Spiers, Ayr Spiers, Ayr Spiers, Ayr

BM160133 Spiers, Ayr A classic Spiers 3/4" rebate plane, one of the most common and useful of all infill planes. The mouth on this plane is still tight and it retains about 70% of the original numbered iron. It has been cleaned at some point by somebody. A fantastic user. I reach for a similar plane more than any other infill. G+ $245

Spiers, Ayr Spiers, Ayr

BM151226 Spiers, Ayr A 1 1/4" wide Spiers dovetailed shoulder plane with about 70% of the original Ward iron remaining. The mouth is very tight like a Norris. A nice honest example that does not appear to have been cleaned. G+ $359

Unmarked Unmarked Unmarked

BM151138 Unmarked An attractive as found small iron chariot plane with a rosewood wedge. The wedge terminates with a cupid's bow. The blade is 1 1/8" wide and the sole is 1 7/16" by 3 3/16". The plane has a medium to dark patina, with a very small amount of pitting at the very rear edge of the sole. Really a nice example and reasonably priced. G+ Sold

Buck, 242 Tottenham Ct. Rd Buck, 242 Tottenham Ct. Rd Buck, 242 Tottenham Ct. Rd Buck, 242 Tottenham Ct. Rd

BM151150 Buck, 242 Tottenham Ct. Rd A very nice 15 1/2" panel plane, a Norris #1, but made for Buck and thus not marked by Norris. The woodwork is very nice with orignal polish on the rosewood. The lever cap has not been polished and retains quite a bit of original bright lacquer. The sides and sole have been cleaned and have some spots of very light pitting. The Ward and Payne iron is a good fit, and has probably been with the plane a long time, but is not the original iron, which would have had had fitting marks matching the plane. If you look very closely, you can see a hairline mark where the bun has been knocked off and put back. You really have to look to see it. This is a common repair as the bun was so vulnerable. Overally this is quite a nice example of a Norris #1 that I believe is pre-Great War. G+ Sold

Unmarked Unmarked

BM151126 Unmarked A small gunmetal bullnose that would have original come in a Holtzapfel tool roll. I am not sure who made these for Holtzapfel, but I am not aware of any maker signed planes of this form. My guess would be Badger. It has a W&P iron that looks original and is about 80%. The sole is 7/8" wide and 3" long. Never polished and with a lovely original patina. J. R. Hill has engraved his name on the left side. G+ $345

Norris, London Norris, London

BM151062 Norris, London A Norris #27R gunmetal bullnose plane with a rosewood wedge. This plane retains about 85% of the original numbered iron, which is unmarked, not uncommon for an earlier example like this one. Some idiot has touched a wire wheel to part of this plane. The sole has been touched, which has caused slight raising of the metal at the mouth, and one small spot on the top was touched before the idiot saw how a wire wheel affects gunmetal.. I woudl true the sole on a diamond plate. The spot on the top just has that orange peel texture that a wire wheel leaves. I would runte this out with emory paper and then let it repatinated naturally. It will make a great user at a really bargain price. G+ $495

Edward Preston & Sons

BM151054 Edward Preston & Sons An attractive as found example, that while used, is the nickel has worn naturally. It retains about half the nickel, the rest being worn from use, not peeling. It retains about 40% of the original numbered iron. A very handy user plane and priced to sell quickly. G+ Sold

Unmarked but clearly Spiers, Ayr Unmarked but clearly Spiers, Ayr Unmarked but clearly Spiers, Ayr Unmarked but clearly Spiers, Ayr

BM15103 Unmarked but clearly Spiers, Ayr An relatively early Spiers panel plane with the screwed sdies, tapered iron and thinner hold down screw shaft. This plane has been in my collection for years, being the nicest example of its kind that I have found. The woodwork is superb, but in condition and in the quality of the rosewood used. The blade is the original Ward iron, numbered to the plane. Only quite early Spiers planes used tapered irons. The woodwork and the brass have great patina. The iron body has had light corrosion overall, but it has been cleaned wonderfully, as well as could be done. (Don't worry, I'm not praising myself, the collector that I got it from did the cleaning job) With the exception of not being signed, this is really great example of a Spiers panel plane. The plane is 13 3/4" long. For the connoisseur. G+ $899

Unmarked Unmarked

BM150952 Unmarked A superb side rebate plane, with a gunmetal frame, Cuban mahogany body, and boxwood wedge. I have seen a few of these planes and I believe that they were probably professionally made in London. The quality is absolutey top notch, "London Made" quality. This one is from an old London collection and is in lovely untouched condition, like it was just lifted from a tool box. The gunmetal has a lovely patina, as does the boxwood wedge. The mahogany has that lovely color and figure that only the very best mahogany has. This is a connoisseur's plane all the way. G++ $429

Edward Preston Edward Preston

BM150864 Edward Preston Preston's simple wedged bullnose plane with about 90% of the original iron remaining, but only traces of original nickel are left. The wedge has typical deformation where it was tapped to knock it out. A good honest example of a plane that is still made today by Clifton. These are quite small planes for very fine trim work. The blade is 7/16" wide and the sole is 3 1/4" overall. G+ Sold


BM150834 Unmarked This is a 1" wide gunmetal bullnose with an overside wedge that makes the plane very comfortable to use. It has a nice tight mouth and about 35% of an Ibbotson iron remaining. It has been polished bright by an idiot, but it will still make a great user and is priced right. Good $129

Norris, London Norris, London Norris, London

BM150570 Norris, London A 1" wide #27 gunmetal bullnose with steel sole. This is a later model where it is marked 27 on the nose. It is also the more scarce version with a rosewood wedge. It retains about 60% of the original Norris marked and numbered iron. The wedge has a few small chips, probably from being struck with a metal hammer. As found with a dull patina. G+ $745

E. Preston E. Preston

BM150551 E. Preston A clean and attractive example of the ever popular Preston patent adjustable bullnose plane with about 80% of the original blade remaining. The nickel shows some wear on the sides but bot on the rest of the plane it is still quite bright. 1 1/8" wide and with a super tight mouth, these planes make great users in the cabinetmaker's shop. G++ $159

Buck Buck Buck Buck

BM15054 Buck A particularly nice as found gunmetal shoulder plane, made by George Miller, but marked by the London retailer, Buck. This is a 1 1/2" wide gunmetal shoulder plane with ebony infill and a steel sole. The mouth is super tight, as one expects from an unmolester Miller plane. Needless to say it is a heavy plane, well over 3 pounds. The blade is nearly full, and based on the patina line has been with the plane a long time, but it is a replacement. A piece of mahongany veneer has been glued to the bottom of the wedge to compensate for this blade being slightly thinner than the orignal. The gunmetal has a pleasing uncleaned patina. The steel sole is clean with just some very modest freckling, and the wood retains most of its finish. This is the first Miller that I have had that was marked by Buck and is really wonderful example. British dealers love to ruin gunmetal planes by polishing them, so to find one that is absolutely untouched is a special find. G++ $565

Mathieson, Glasgow Mathieson, Glasgow Mathieson, Glasgow Mathieson, Glasgow Mathieson, Glasgow Mathieson, Glasgow Mathieson, Glasgow

BM150255 Mathieson, Glasgow A rare and important first pattern Mathieson panel plane. These early Mathieson infill planes are still a bit of a mystery to collectors. It is know that later Mathieson outsourced production, primarily to Norris, but little is know about these planes. Literally only a handful are known. They even made a mitre plane version that had an adjustable mouth, the only British mitre plane with this feature that I am aware of. This plane has been in my collection and before that was in an important Scottish collection. It is 13 5/8" long and weighs just over 8 pounds. The attention to detail on these planes extends to even shaping the top of the iron to match the rounded shape of the bun. They ae true masterworks. This plane has a lovely even patina on the body. There is an old and clearly stable hariline crack eminating from one of the screw holes and running to the top of the casting. The maker's mark was struck a bit unevenly and is faint on the top. When I got it, the hole for the strike button had been plugged with filler and dark spray had been used to obscure the primitive work. John Porritt, master restorer, cleaned off this obscuring spray, removed the filler in the hole, and installed a new strike button made from yew. He then repaired the finish to match the finish in the rear. If you are not familiar with John's work, it is so good that you usually can't spot it. I often see his work being sold without any mention. This tool is a must own piece for the advanced infill collector. I am also selling with this plane, a rare small sized smoothing plane which was found with this panel plane, and bears the same owner's mark, along with that original stamp for that owner's mark. The plane is dovetailed and could also be made by Mathieson, but it is not signed. The hold down screw is not inconsistent with some early Mathieson examples. The top of the iron is rounded to match the panel plane. This plane is only 5 7/8" long with a 1 5/8" wide blade. The condition is lovely, having been properly cleaned by a collector. A rare pair of planes for the connoisseur. G+ $5995

Edward Preston Edward Preston

BM150325 Edward Preston A 1 1/8" wide decorative bullnose plane with about 40 - 50% of the original nickel remaining and about half of the blade left. Nice untouched condition. G+ $139

Norris, London Norris, London

BM150214 Norris, London A Norris #51 parallel sided adjustable smoothing plane with a 2 1/4" wide iron. This plane will perform as well as an A2 - A6, but since it was cast instead of dovetailed it is a bit cheaper plane. Functionally, this is a great plane, with a near full original iron and nice metal surfaces. The bad news is that the front bun has no finish on it. It looks like somebody planned to refinish it, stripping it and then giving up. It is the correct bun, as it has the original fitting numbered marked on it, which matches the fitting number on the lever cap. The finish on the handle is fine. The plane is priced dirt cheap because of this issue with the bun finish. G+ Sold

Preston Patent

BM150230 Preston Patent A very clean as found Preston adjustable bullnose plane with about 99% of the original nickel and 80% of the original iron. A superior example for the connoisseur. Fine $169

Preston Patent

BM150130 Preston Patent A standard Preston patent adjustable bullnose with only about 10% of the original iron remaining and no nickel plating left. It appears to have been lightly cleaned with a wire wheel. A good user for the budget conscious woodworker. Good $89

J.H. (John Holland) J.H. (John Holland)

BM141028 J.H. (John Holland) This is a 1 1/2" wide gunmetal shoulder plane that was made for the trade, that is to be marked by a retailer. Thus it is unmarked on the front, but both the blade and the body under the wedge, are marked J. H., which is how Holland often marked planes that he was not markng with his maker's mark. Whenever I recognize an unmarked plane to be by Holland, I immediately look for the J.H. mark hidden away. Perhaps I shouldn't be letting the secret out! Another less attractive feature of Holland's work is that he oriented the wood used for his wedges in such a way that they chip easily on the finial, and most are chipped. This one is chipped, but much less so than many that I have seen. It retains about 35% of the original Ibbottson iron. Untouched, with nice patina on the gunmetal. The wood could use a cleaning with wax to bring out the color of the rosewood. The plane retains its original tight mouth that Holland was known for. A great user or collector's piece. G+ $385

E. Preston & Sons E. Preston & Sons

BM141017 E. Preston & Sons This is the larger size Preston patented double side rebate plane in nice, little used, condition. The top side would rate higher, but the sole has some light nickel loss. A very nice example all the same. G+ $299


BM140975 Unmarked This is an oversized and very heavy gunmetal chariot plane that will make a fantastic user. The sole is 4 1/2" by 2 1/8". It fits my hand great. The infill looks to be mahogany. It has a nice tight mouth. G+ $369

Unmarked Unmarked

BM140810 Unmarked A gunmetal chariot plane with a rosewood wedge. I am confidence that this plane was made by Miller, but Miller for some reason only signed a fraction of this work. He always used Marples irons and this one retains the original iron, which shows wear but is still above the back of the wedge. It has been lightly polished and at some point but a nice patina is slowly returning. Th e sole is 1 7/8" by 3 3/4". A great user or collector's piece. G+ $489

Holland, Maker, London Holland, Maker, London Holland, Maker, London

BM140378 Holland, Maker, London This is an important early Holland smoothing plane from an important London collection. This plane is in the mid-19th Century London pattern style, and has an earlier style bridge than is typical for Holland. The wedge is battered but looks original, and has the snecked sides that Slater was known for. I have long thought that Holland originated this style. The blade and cap iron are much earlier from the plane, but look like they have been with it for a long time. They are round topped and by James Cam. The rear rosewood infill is in nice condition but the front fill was changed, in the original period of use, to a horn shape reminiscent of a Continental plane. The rear casting is cracked from being hit with a hammer to adjust the plane. Despite its flaws, this is a good usable plane and the earliest Holland plane that I can recall seeing. For the Holland scholar. Good $395

Edward Preston & Sons

BM140325 Edward Preston & Sons A very clean Preston bullnose with about 70% of the original iron remaining. There are a few small spots on the sides that kept it from rating fine. G++ $179

J. Buck, London

BM140329 J. Buck, London A 1 1/16" wide iron bullnose plane that was probably made by Holland. It retains about 30% of the original Ward iron. The of the rosewood wedge has a chip knocked out of it, a flaw often seen on Holland planes. The plane has been lightly cleaned overall with something like steel wool. Not an appropriate thing to do, but in this case the plane is OK and a bit of handling will erase any evidence of this encounter. A nice little plane but not quite good enough for a discnerning collector. Hence the low price. G+ $185

Melhuish, London (Spiers) Melhuish, London (Spiers)

BM13121 Melhuish, London (Spiers) A very scarce Spiers made gunemtal shoulder plane. This is marked for the London retailer, Melhuish, but is a Spiers 1 1/2" wide gunmetal shoulder plane. Spiers gunmetal shoulder planes are very scarce by any measure. The dovetailed variety typically sell for much more, but the cast type, like this one, are in my experience even more scarce. This plane has better than 90% remaining of the original Ibbottson iron. The mark on the iron is interesting, in that I have never noticed this mark before. It reads, "Thos Ibbotson & Co., Makers Sheffield". The wood is highly figured rosewood. There is one check in the top of the fill, which is the result of using a piece with so much figure. The mouth is very tight, as you would want. The plane has been polished overall. Not buffed, but polished such that it will need to be handled a lot to rebuild the patina. An exciting find for the advanced collector. G++ $1495

Badger, London

BM13081 Badger, London A scarce gunmetal bullnose plane by Badger. Badger planes were usually only marked on the iron, so when the iron is used up, the mark is gone. This plane still has the original Badger marked W&P iron with about 5/16" remaining. It is a 1 1/16" wide plane. The rosewood wedge is still in nice condition and still seats properly so that the side profile of the plane is maintained. Badger was veyr particular to have a certain look from the side. His planes are very sculptural. I have even had one smoother that was filled with highly figured birch. The srike button on this plane is of a proper type, but has recently been added. It is as new, and below it, the plane shows evidence of repeated strikes. The gunmetal retains a light patina, but has been lightly polished. the sides have some tool box rasp. The sole is good and it still has a nice tight mouth. Overall this is quite respectible example of a quite scarce plane. Good $329


BM130458 Unmarked A relatively early dovetailed wrought iron rebate plane. This is the unusual style where the wedge is cut into one piece of infill, rather than being as wide as the infill. That must have been much harder to do, and is quite unusual. I have seen a few Robert Towell planes with this feature, but I don't know for sure who made this plane. I presume that it is London made and first half of the 19th Century. The Ward iron retains about 35-40%. The wedge is a little battered on the lower edge of the finial. It has a nice tight mouth and would be a great user that was probably once making fine London quality furniture. 9" long and just over 3/4" wide. G+ $249

Edward Preston

BM1303111 Edward Preston A very clean 1 1/8" wide Preton patent adjustable bullnose retaining about all of the original bright nickel and 60% of the original blade. Connoisseur Grade. Fine $175

Spiers, Ayr

BM13031 Spiers, Ayr A dovetailed Spiers 1 1/8" wide shoulder plane with about 20% of the original numbered iron remaining. The iron is unmarked and the plane has the block letters mark. As found with some small dots of white paint splattering. Clean and rust free, this is a nice honest plane that is conservatively rated G+ $385

Norris, London Norris, London Norris, London

BM120914 Norris, London A gunmetal with steel sole bullnose plane with a rosewood wedge and about half of the original snecked iron, numbered to the plane but not marked. The sole is clean with a tight mouth, as it was made. The body has been lightly cleaned by a collector, but not all buffed up by any means. The wood is untouched with nice surface and nice grain. The gunmetal surface has some very light tool box rash. A nice honest example that is not too good to use, but good enough to fit in a quality collection. It is the 1 1/8" wide model. G+ $845

Infill Plane Infill Plane

BM1112224 Benj. Slater, London A very rare Benjamin Slater shoulder plane. Henry Slater of course went on to become one of the most successful planemakers of all time, but his father's planes are very rare. You can see the form of a Henry Slater shoulder plane in this one, but it is not the same. The wedge has the whale tail shape associated with Miller. The plane has had a hard live. The mouth is chipped up, and screw has been run up through the sole to reinforce a hairline crack on one side. There are also some hairlines in the rear where it has been struck to adjust it. Still, it is a usable plane, and clearly the owner was trying to keep it going. An important documentary piece. G- $275

Infill Plane

BM1112225 Edward Preston An as found Preston patent 1 1/8" bullnose with about half the original iron remaining and about 60% of the original nickel. A used but well cared for example that will serve you well. G+ $179

Infill Plane Infill Plane

BM110918 Norris, London A 1 1/4" #7 Norris shoulder plane with about 90% of the original numbered iron remaining. Nice untouched condition with a nice tight Norris mouth. A very strong G+ $565

Infill Plane Infill Plane

BM110732 Spiers, Ayr A 1 1/4" Spiers shoulder plane with 90% of a Spiers marked snecked iron, but not the original iron for this plane The plane is numbered 6 and this iron is 11. The iron is marked "Stewart Spiers, Cast Steel, Ayr, Scotland." The plane is marked 23 on the front. Nobody is quite sure what these numbers that are found on later Spiers planes mean. They do not seem to be model numbers. It has been speculated that they could have signifiied which bench hand made the plane. Also marked "Dovetailed" on the front. The side of the wedge is marked with the Stewart Spiers mark. I have never seen that mark on a wedge before. Overall this is a very clean example with some intriguing features. G++ $369

Infill Plane

BM110283 Mathieson An iron bullnose plane marked by Mathieson, but clearly made for them, as many of their planes were, but Norris of London. The back is even marked with the distinctive "Patent Metal" mark of Norris. The plane retains 80% of its original numbered iron. It is 1 1/8" wide. Mathieson marked bullnose planes are quite scarce, but yet if this plane were marked by Norris it would actually sell for even more. It has been light cleaned by a misguided dealer, but the plane is rust free and no real harm was done, the patina was just a bit rubbed. It will blend back in within a few years. Really quite a nice example. G+ $459

Infill Plane

BM11013 T. Gardner, Maker, Bristol A rare 1 1/4" skew mouth shoulder plane that was clearly made by H. Slater, but retailed by T. Gardner, a wooden plane maker. Retains about 30% of the original iron. Cleaned overall so that the metal has no patina. The wedge is an old replacement that was made oversized to make the plane easier to hold. It really fits the hand well and would be a great user like this. The first skew mouthed Slater made plane that I have ever seen. Good $359

Infill Plane

BM100611 Buck, Tottenham Ct Rd., Patent Metal A Norris made 1" wide iron bullnose marked by Buck. Has a nearly full replacement iron. The wedge is a bit battered, but this will be a great user. It has a nice tight original Norris mouth. A steal for a user wanting to own a genuine Norris. Good $189

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BM100555 Spiers, Ayr This is a rare original model Spiers panel plane in very genuine condition. The handle spur is shortened, but a long time ago and it is well blended in. There is a patch on the front but where a stike button has been removed. That is the only evidence of any recent activity. Frankly, I would put a strike button back. The dovetailed body has no pitting and is very nice. The blade is an old replacement that fits fine. The unpolished lever cap is engraved with the original owner's name with some of the nicest engraving that I have ever seen on a tool. A rare and important plane for the advanced collector. Good $1395

Infill Plane

BM100451 Unmarked Gunmetal Chariot A darling little London chariot plane, 3 3/8" long by 1 3/8" wide. This plane is not signed but I have seen a similar example that was signed by Badger. The wedge is wonderfully patinated boxwood. It has been hand polished some time ago, and now has a light patina. There are a series of dings in the sole where an idiot seems to have used it to tap on something. Other than that, it is all just honest wear. From a good London collection. Good $295

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BM91174 J.Buck, London This is a cast iron shoulder plane made by John Holland but marked by the retailer, J. Buck. The blade is marked with the J.H. as was commonly used by Holland on his blades. This is a small size shoulder plane, and sits lower than most. The width is 1 3/16". The iron is in nice condition with a nice light patina. The rosewood has some light tool box rash and looks a bit dull. I think that some wax would really brighten it up. The blade has about 50% remaining. G+ $289

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BM91052 Mathieson, Glasgow This is a rare and interesting plane. It is the first pattern Spiers 13 1/2" panel plane. It is marked, only on the wood, Mathieson, Glasgow, but it is clearly a Spiers plane. I guarantee that the mark is right and is not the spurious Mathieson mark that is so commonly seen these days. The top 3/8" of the bun and the top of the tote are replaced, but properly done, in the way that museums favor today, where it is an accurate likeness, but the repair is obvious to all but auctioneers. The blade is a parallel Mathieson iron that fits well, but is totally the wrong iron for the plane. The original iron would have been a tapered iron at this time. A rare and important plane despite its condition limitations. Good $799

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BM91034 Norris, London A Norris number 51 adjustable smoothing plane with about 70-80% of the original Norris marked iron remaining. This plane has most of the bright lacquer left on the hold down screw and a very pleasant light patina overall. This is another very nice example from that wonderful Norris collection that we have been selling. There are two minor faults. Really one. There are several obtrusive owner's marks on the top of the front bun. Not really a fault but it is a but much. The tote has a glued crack in the front part, that is not the tote itself, but the closed part that goes in front of the hand. This is a common flaw, in just this place, but I don't know why. The original paint is about 80%. Most of the examples that I see turning up in this country are repainted. This is a really nice honest example at what I think is a moderate price. G++ $745

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BM9068 Norris, London This is a clean and well cared for Norris #50 coffin smoother. This is the cast iron equivalent of an A5, and will perform just as well for a more modest investment. This plane has a good original iron, most of the bright original lacquer on the lever cap, and nice lightly patinated iron parts. In short, a very nice example of a pre-War adjustable Norris for the discerning user. G++ $795

Infill Plane

BM9051 R. Fairclough, 12 Byrom St. This is a 1" wide iron bullnose plane with a very distinctive London made form. Fairclough was a wooden plane maker and would not have made this plane, but I am not sure who did. The detailing on this plane, such as the chamfering, is superb, and it really speaks to me. About 40% of what I think is the original W&P iron remains. Nice as found color. Highly recommended. G+ $179

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BM71232 Unmarked This is a London made gunmetal chariot plane measuring 1.5 by 3.5 inches. This plane was probably made by Lyons of London, but it is not marked. It is untouched with a great patina overall. The ebony wedge has a chip in the lower corner of the cupid's bow, but is otherwise OK. The blade is worn pretty short, and the back of the plane is heavily dented, from years of use. I like this plane a lot. It is a nice honest chariot, and finding them unpolished is hard. Good $289

Hock Parallel Irons for Infill Planes
We have a full selection of Hock irons custom made to our specifications in standard and A2 steel. These are all listed in the new tools section. Hock Blades

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